The city of Lahore is the capital of the Punjab. It occupies a central position, and is generally called The Heart of Pakistan. Lahore’s culture is unique. Known as the Cultural Capital of Pakistan, the city was the seat of the Mughal and the Sikh Empire. Lahore has played an important role in Pakistani history- it was in this city that Pakistan’s independence declaration was made. It was the largest city in the newly formed Pakistan at the time of independence.
The city as we know it today, reached its peak of glory during the Mughal rulers, especially in the reign of Akbar the Great. He built the Lahore Fort, as well as the city walls which had 12 gates, of which some of these still survive today. Jehangir and Shah Jehan, the builders of the Taj Mahal in Agra and the Shalamar Gardens in Srinagar and Lahore, built palaces and tombs. The last great Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb built Lahore’s most famous monument, the great Badshahi Mosque.